Black Pussy Willow
for Spring 2018
for Spring 2018
We are sold out of both of these items
NEW WILLOWS FOR 2019
Through the generosity of fellow willow enthusiasts we are delighted to offer two new-to-us willows.
We are also offering 30 willows that are new to us and in short supply. At this time there are no photos or decriptions! Most have never been offered in North America before.
Click here ORDER FORM to see the list.
NAME CHANGES FOR 2019
We try to stay up-to-date with Salix nomenclature changes by various authorities.
S. x erythroflexuosa 'Caradoc' > S. babylonica 'Caradoc'
S. matsudana 'Dart's Snake' > S. babylonica 'Darts Snake'
S. matsudana 'Golden Curls' > S. babylonica 'Golden Curls'
S. matsudana 'Navajo' > S. babylonica 'Navajo'
S. matsudana 'Tortuosa' > S. babylonica 'Tortuosa'
These changes were Authorized in the following Publication:
The application of scientific names to plants in cultivation: Salix vitellina L. and related taxa (Salicaceae). Skvortzovia: 4(2) 42-70 92018)
Irina V. Belyaeva, Olga V. Epantchintseva, Rafaël H.A. Govaerts, Kevin McGinn, John Hunnex and Yulia A. Kuzovkina
WILLOWS ~ SALIX ~ IN THE FAMILY SALICACEAE
~10in cuttings that vary in diameter
according to variety, in bundles of 5 for $13.50 and $14.50 per bundle
minimum order 2 bundles.
RODS FOR LIVING STRUCTURES
Rods for fedges, domes, teepees, tunnels etc. $5.50/6ft rod, $6.60/8ft rod
Minimum order is 10 rods.
72–92in is the max. length we can ship.
(longer rods are sometimes available for pick-up only)
NB: rods can only be ordered from the
All the material in this website is Copyright 2019 Vermont Willow Nursery. All rights reserved.
Nothing may be used without written permission from
Vermont Willow Nursery.
Layout, text and photographs by Michael Dodge unless otherwise noted.
WHY WILLOWS ARE SO SPECIAL!
70-135 MILLION YEARS AGO, DWARF WILLOWS DOMINATED THE WOODY FLORA.
WILLOWS CAN BE ALPINES, ORNAMENTAL SHRUBS OR HUGE TREES
350+/- DIFFERENT SPECIES ON FOUR CONTINENTS;
MOSTLY IN ASIA, EUROPE, NORTH AMERICA AND CIMCUMPOLAR IN THE ARCTIC
NATIVE WILLOWS ARE FOUND IN EVERY STATE EXCEPT HAWAII
OVER 1500 HYBRIDS AND CULTIVARS WORLDWIDE
WILLOWS ARE NATIVE TO MOST TEMPERATE REGIONS,
ALPINE, ARCTIC AND EVEN SOME TROPICAL REGIONS
THE TERM 'PUSSY WILLOW' COMES FROM THE APPEARANCE OF MALE CATKINS
BEING SIMILAR TO THOSE OF CATS' PAWS!
SOME WILLOWS GROW OVER 100FT TALL, SOME GROW ONLY ONE INCH TALL
WILLOWS ARE EASY TO PROPAGATE, EASY TO GROW AND EASY TO PRUNE
WILLOWS SELF-PROPAGATE BY SEED, STEM FRAGMENTATION AND ROOT SUCKERS
WILLOW CATKINS OR AMENTS HAVE SLIM, CYLINDRICAL FLOWER CLUSTERS (SPIKES), WITH NO PETALS AND ARE INSECT POLLINATED. THEY CONTAIN MANY USUALLY UNISEXUAL FLOWERS, ARRANGED CLOSELY ALONG A CENTRAL STEM.
WILLOWS HAVE MALE AND FEMALE CATKINS ON SEPARATE PLANTS (DIOCIOUS)
RARELY MALE AND FEMALE ORGANS ARE FOUND
IN THE SAME CATKIN (ANDROGYNOUS); USUALLY IN HYBRID WILLOWS
CATKINS OR AMENTS) MAY BE WHITE, BLACK, GRAY, SILVER, PINK OR RED
AND OFTEN CHANGE COLOR FROM WHEN THEY FIRST APPEAR TO MATURITY
SOME WILLOWS FLOWER BEFORE THE LEAVES APPEAR (PUSSY WILLOWS);
THE TERM USED TO DESCRIBE THIS IS PRECOCIOUS
PUSSY WILLOWS CAN BE COPPICED EVERY YEAR AND WILL BLOOM NEXT SPRING
SOME WILLOWS PRODUCE CATKINS ON SHORT LEAFY GROWTHS;
THE TERM TO DESCRIBE THIS IS COETANEOUS
THESE WILLOWS TAKE SEVERAL YEARS TO FLOWER AFTER COPPICING
SOME TAKE SEVERAL YEARS BEFORE THEY PRODUCE ANY CATKINS
MALE CATKINS HAVE BOTH NECTAR AND POLLEN
BEES HARVESTED BOTH NECTAR AND POLLEN SINCE THE CRETACEOUS PERIOD.
BOTH MAKE GREAT TASTING HONEY. ONE OF THE BEST FOOD SOURCES FOR EAGER BEES
WILLOWS ARE NOTORIOUS PHILANDERERS; POLLENATING INSECTS TRAVEL
BETWEEN CATKINS OF ANY SPECIES IN BLOOM. THIS CAN CREATE PROGENY WITH
MIXED PARENTAGE AND A NIGHTMARE FOR TAXONOMISTS
GROW ALMOST ANYWHERE, EVEN POOR AND POLLUTED SOILS
ALL THE WILLOWS WE OFFER ARE HARDY TO USDA ZONE 4, SOME HARDIER!
MOST WILLOWS ARE NOT EATEN BY DEER
DEER WILL NOT EAT SALIX PURPUREA AND SALIX TRIANDRA
A DENSE WILLOW FENCE/FEDGE WILL KEEP DEER OUT
VARIEGATED WILLOWS TURN GREEN WHEN GROWN IN SHADE!
GREAT LONG-LASTING CUT FLOWERS AND BRIGHT COLORED STEMS
FOR WINTER DISPLAYS; INSIDE OR OUT
FIRST WOODY PLANT TO FLOWER IN SPRING
LAST TREE TO LOSE ITS LEAVES IN AUTUMN
ONE BLOOMS OCTOBER THROUGH APRIL!
WILLOWS HAVE YEAR-ROUND INTEREST
ALMOST ALL WEEPING WILLOW TREES CONTAIN GENES FROM THE CHINESE SALIX BABYLONICA AS IT IS THE ONLY TREE WILLOW WITH THAT GENE!
SALIX BABYLONICA WAS GIVEN THAT NAME BY CAROLUS LINNAEUS, THE FATHER OF MODERN TAXONOMY, PROBABLY BECAUSE OF A PASSAGE IN THE BIBLE:
By the waters of Babylon, there we sat down and wept, when we remembered Zion.
On the willows there we hung up our lyres. Psalms 137: 1-2
WHEN THE BIBLE WAS WRITTEN THERE WERE NO WEEPING WILLOWS IN BABYLON!
WHAT WAS REFERRED TO WERE POSSIBLY POPLARS
A WILLOW GARDEN IS CALLED A SALLEY GARDEN IN BRITAIN AND IRELAND
"Salley" or "sally" is a form of the Standard English word "sallow", i.e., a tree of the genus Salix
It is close in sound to the Irish word saileach, meaning Willow.
Below is a link to a sung version to a beautiful Irish song "Down by the Salley Garden"
GARDEN ART AND STRUCTURES
BIODEGRADABLE COMPOST BINS
CUT STEMS FOR FORCING
FENCES, FEDGES AND WATTLES – LIVE AND DRIED WILLOWS
SCREENS AND WINDBREAKS
HERODOTUS DESCRIBED CORACLES BUILT WITH WILLOWS
IN THE 5TH CENTURY BC
ARTIST’S FINE CHARCOAL
FOOD FOR BOVINES, RABBITS AND GOATS
SPEARS FOR ATLATL THROWERS
EVEN CRICKET BATS
DOMES, TUNNELS, CHAIRS, ARCHES, TEMPLES, TEE-PEES
WOVEN TREES IN CONTAINERS = "HARLEQUIN TREES"
CHICKEN AND RABBIT TUNNELS TO HIDE FROM HAWKS
RIVER AND STREAM BANK RESTORATION
WILLOWS ARE USED EXTENSIVELY FOR RESTORING ERODED OR DISTURBED BANKS. THEY ARE ONE OF THE FEW WOODY PLANTS THAT ROOT QUICKLY AND EASILY FROM CUTTINGS; THUS MAKING SUCH PROJECTS MUCH CHEAPER THAN USING ESTABLISHED PLANTS.
WILLOWS CLEAN UP TOXIC WASTE SITES BY
ABSORBING CHEMICALS AND HEAVY METALS
WILLOWS CAN BE GROWN UNDER WALNUT TREES AS THEY ARE NOT AFFECTED BY THE CHEMICAL JUGLONE THAT WALNUTS PRODUCE
FOR BURNING DIRECTLY AND TO MAKE ETHANOL
WILLOWS ARE ENVIRONMENTLY SUPERIOR TO CORN FOR ETHANOL. THEY DO NOT HAVE TO BE PLANTED EVERY YEAR AND DON'T NEED THE USE OF WEEDKILLERS AND POISONOUS PESTICIDES TO GROW
ANCIENT EGYPTIANS, ASSYRIANS AND HERODOTUS (5THC BC)
DESCRIBED USING WILLOWS AS A PAIN KILLER
ASPIRIN WAS FIRST DERIVED FROM SALICIN FROM SALIX
NATIVE AMERICANS CHEWED WILLOW STICKS FOR TOOTHACHE
AND OTHER PAIN
SALICYLIC ACID FROM WILLOWS IS USED TO CONTROL
DANDRUFF AND WARTS
SALICYLIC ACID WAS THE FIRST CHEMICAL ROOTING AGENT
FOR HARD-TO-ROOT PLANTS
IN YOM KIPPUR CEREMONIES IN OCTOBER. THE FOUR SPECIES:
On the first day, you will take for yourselves a fruit of a beautiful tree, palm branches, twigs of a braided tree and brook willows, and you will rejoice before the Lord your God for seven days. -Leviticus 23:40
IN DYNGUS DAY EASTER CELEBRATIONS, ESPECIALLY IN BUFFALO NY,
PUSSY WILLOWS ARE USED IN "FROLICKING FUN" https://www.dyngusday.com
Willow in other languages
WILLOW = SAULE = WEIDE = SAUCE = SALICE = ива = Yángliǔ = YANAGI
English French German Spanish Italian Russian Chinese Japanese
SEILEACH = HELYG = SELJE = VIDE = PADU = WILG = עֲרָבָה
Scottish Welsh Norwegian Swedish Finnish Dutch Hebrew
275ft Fedge built by Michael, April 23rd 2016, Greenwich, CT
For more photos and information, please click this link below
sleepy cat farm fedge. Michael used Salix miyabeana.
Bulletin February 9 2019
We are accepting orders now for Spring 2019. We will ship starting in mid-April, depending on snow in the nursery! Southern and West coast orders first, followed by the middle of the country and finally Northern States.
Sorry, we can't ship to Europe
The EU has a ban on all willows from the US. This is due to a pest called Xylella that infects grapes and olives; willow is an alternate host.
We do no business over the telephone,
please respect our privacy!
Facts About Vermont Willow Nursery
We offer 150 different willows; this is by far the largest willow offering in the country. Our complete Salix collection is larger than the collections of any nursery, Arboretum or Botanic Garden in North America!
We offer 20 native North American species, 4 cultivars and 2 hybrids. Largest such offering in the country! See our "BEST WILLOWS FOR".... page!
Within the next 2 years we would like to sell this extremely successful business (sales increase of 40% last year); together with our extensive willow collection and our 1850's Farmhouse with 49 acres of land.
This is a great opportunity for someone who would like to live a new life style; get away from the rat-race of a city and live in a traffic free place (last house on a two-mile dead-end road).
We are prepared to help a new owner get established in the business.
If anyone is interested in grabbing this great opportunity, please contact us.
Willows listed by Common Names
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The Wonderful World of Willows
Vermont Willow Nursery
The other willows beside it were planted at the same time.
This plant tolerated -30°F with no damage whatsoever.
It was discovered in Nepal at 11,320ft by a Swiss Salicologist named Heinz Oberli early in the 20th Century. Another Swiss Salicologist, Walter Buechler, shared cuttings with me.