Bulletin December 1, 2019

We have decided to republish the 2019 version of the website as we are having difficulties with the new Shopping Cart Website. Also, we are receiving many orders and requests for 2020.


We will start shipping in early-April 2020, depending on snow in the nursery! Southern and West Coast orders first, followed by the middle of the country and finally Northern States. We sell out of our popular varieties early, so order soon for Spring 2020.


Sorry, we can't ship to Europe

The EU has a ban on all willows from the US. This is due to a pest called Xylella that infects grapes and olives; willow is an alternate host.


We do no business over the telephone,

please respect our privacy!

BEST WILLOWS FOR...        WILLOW VARIETIES          ORDER FORM         COLLECTIONS          DIY STRUCTURES          MAKING A FEDGE  


COPPICING & POLLARDING           ABOUT US          EROSION  CONTROL          RESOURCES          WILLOWS FOR BEES

Black Pussy Willow

sold out

for Spring 2018

We are sold out of both of these items

WILLOWS  ~ SALIX  ~  IN THE FAMILY SALICACEAE


All the material in this website is Copyright 2020 Vermont Willow Nursery. All rights reserved.

Nothing may be used without written permission from

Vermont Willow Nursery.

Layout, text and photographs by Michael Dodge unless otherwise noted.

PLANTING CUTTINGS

instructions for planting



Willows listed by Common Names

Click here for cross references

WHY WILLOWS ARE SO SPECIAL!

70-135 MILLION YEARS AGO, DWARF WILLOWS DOMINATED THE WOODY FLORA.

WILLOWS CAN BE ALPINES, ORNAMENTAL SHRUBS OR HUGE TREES

350+/- DIFFERENT SPECIES ON FOUR CONTINENTS;

MOSTLY IN ASIA, EUROPE, NORTH AMERICA AND CIMCUMPOLAR IN THE ARCTIC

NATIVE WILLOWS ARE FOUND IN EVERY STATE EXCEPT HAWAII

OVER 1500 HYBRIDS AND CULTIVARS WORLDWIDE

WILLOWS ARE NATIVE TO MOST TEMPERATE REGIONS,

ALPINE, ARCTIC AND EVEN SOME TROPICAL REGIONS IN ASIA AND AFRICA

THE TERM 'PUSSY WILLOW' COMES FROM THE APPEARANCE OF MALE CATKINS

BEING SIMILAR TO THOSE OF CATS' PAWS!

SOME WILLOWS GROW OVER 100FT TALL, SOME GROW ONLY ONE INCH TALL

WILLOWS ARE EASY TO PROPAGATE, EASY TO GROW AND EASY TO PRUNE

CUTTINGS 1FT TO 20 FT LONG WILL ROOT IF GIVEN WATER


WILLOWS SELF-PROPAGATE BY SEED,  STEM FRAGMENTATION AND ROOT SUCKERS

WILLOW CATKINS OR AMENTS HAVE SLIM, CYLINDRICAL FLOWER CLUSTERS (SPIKES), WITH NO PETALS AND ARE INSECT POLLINATED.  THEY CONTAIN MANY USUALLY UNISEXUAL FLOWERS, ARRANGED CLOSELY ALONG A CENTRAL STEM.

WILLOWS HAVE MALE AND FEMALE CATKINS ON SEPARATE PLANTS (DIOCIOUS)

RARELY  MALE AND FEMALE ORGANS ARE FOUND

IN THE SAME CATKIN (ANDROGYNOUS); USUALLY IN HYBRID WILLOWS

CATKINS OR AMENTS) MAY BE WHITE, BLACK, GRAY, SILVER, PINK OR RED

AND OFTEN CHANGE COLOR FROM WHEN THEY FIRST APPEAR TO MATURITY

SOME WILLOWS FLOWER BEFORE THE LEAVES APPEAR (PUSSY WILLOWS);

THE TERM USED TO DESCRIBE THIS IS PRECOCIOUS

PUSSY WILLOWS CAN BE COPPICED EVERY YEAR AND WILL BLOOM NEXT SPRING

SOME WILLOWS PRODUCE CATKINS ON SHORT LEAFY GROWTHS;

THE TERM TO DESCRIBE THIS IS COETANEOUS

THESE WILLOWS TAKE SEVERAL YEARS TO FLOWER AFTER COPPICING

SOME TAKE SEVERAL YEARS BEFORE THEY PRODUCE ANY CATKINS

MALE  CATKINS HAVE BOTH NECTAR AND POLLEN

BEES  HARVESTED BOTH NECTAR AND POLLEN SINCE THE CRETACEOUS PERIOD.

BOTH MAKE GREAT TASTING HONEY. ONE OF THE BEST FOOD SOURCES  FOR EAGER BEES

WILLOWS ARE NOTORIOUS PHILANDERERS;  POLLENATING INSECTS TRAVEL

BETWEEN CATKINS OF ANY SPECIES IN BLOOM. THIS CAN CREATE PROGENY WITH

MIXED PARENTAGE AND A NIGHTMARE FOR TAXONOMISTS

GROW ALMOST ANYWHERE,  EVEN POOR AND POLLUTED SOILS

ALL THE WILLOWS WE OFFER ARE HARDY TO USDA ZONE 4, SOME HARDIER!

MOST WILLOWS ARE NOT EATEN BY DEER  

DEER WILL NOT EAT SALIX PURPUREA AND SALIX TRIANDRA

A DENSE WILLOW FENCE/FEDGE WILL KEEP DEER OUT

VARIEGATED WILLOWS TURN GREEN WHEN GROWN IN SHADE!

GREAT LONG-LASTING CUT FLOWERS AND BRIGHT COLORED STEMS

FOR WINTER DISPLAYS; INSIDE OR OUT

FIRST WOODY PLANT TO FLOWER IN SPRING

LAST TREE TO LOSE ITS LEAVES IN AUTUMN

ONE BLOOMS OCTOBER THROUGH APRIL!

WILLOWS HAVE YEAR-ROUND INTEREST

ALMOST ALL WEEPING WILLOW TREES CONTAIN GENES FROM THE CHINESE SALIX BABYLONICA AS IT IS THE ONLY TREE WILLOW WITH THAT GENE!

SALIX BABYLONICA WAS GIVEN THAT NAME BY CAROLUS LINNAEUS, THE FATHER OF MODERN TAXONOMY, PROBABLY BECAUSE OF A PASSAGE IN THE BIBLE:

By the waters of Babylon, there we sat down and wept, when we remembered Zion.

On the willows there we hung up our lyres.  Psalms 137: 1-2

WHEN THE BIBLE WAS WRITTEN THERE WERE NO WEEPING WILLOWS IN BABYLON!

WHAT WAS REFERRED TO WERE POSSIBLY POPLARS    

A WILLOW GARDEN IS CALLED A SALLEY GARDEN IN BRITAIN AND IRELAND

"Salley" or "sally" is a form of the Standard English word "sallow", i.e., a tree of the genus Salix

It is close in sound to the Irish word saileach, meaning Willow.

Below is a link to a sung version to a beautiful Irish song "Down by the Salley Garden"

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=027ZJX5XVjs

WILLOW USES

BASKETRY

GARDEN ART AND STRUCTURES

PLANT SUPPORTS

BIODEGRADABLE COMPOST BINS

BIRD FEEDERS

CUT STEMS FOR FORCING

FENCES, FEDGES AND WATTLES – LIVE AND DRIED WILLOWS

SCREENS AND WINDBREAKS

HERODOTUS DESCRIBED CORACLES BUILT WITH WILLOWS

IN THE 5TH CENTURY BC

ARTIST’S FINE CHARCOAL

FOOD FOR BOVINES, RABBITS AND GOATS

SPEARS FOR ATLATL THROWERS

EVEN CRICKET BATS

LIVING STRUCTURES

DOMES, TUNNELS, CHAIRS, ARCHES, TEMPLES, TEE-PEES

WOVEN TREES IN CONTAINERS = "HARLEQUIN TREES"

CHILDREN’S PLAYHOUSES

CHICKEN AND RABBIT TUNNELS TO HIDE FROM HAWKS

'LIVING CATHEDRALS'

RIVER AND STREAM BANK RESTORATION

WILLOWS ARE USED EXTENSIVELY FOR RESTORING ERODED OR DISTURBED BANKS.  THEY ARE ONE OF THE FEW WOODY PLANTS THAT  ROOT QUICKLY AND EASILY FROM CUTTINGS; THUS MAKING SUCH PROJECTS MUCH CHEAPER THAN USING ESTABLISHED PLANTS.

http://www.habitat.noaa.gov/restoration/techniques/srrestoration.html

PHYTOREMEDIATION

WILLOWS CLEAN UP TOXIC WASTE SITES BY ABSORBING

CHEMICALS AND HEAVY METALS AND NEUTRALIZING THEM.

WILLOWS CAN BE GROWN UNDER WALNUT TREES AS THEY ARE NOT AFFECTED BY THE CHEMICAL JUGLONE THAT WALNUTS PRODUCE

BIOFUELS

FOR BURNING DIRECTLY AND TO MAKE ETHANOL

WILLOWS ARE ENVIRONMENTLY SUPERIOR TO CORN FOR ETHANOL. THEY DO NOT HAVE TO BE PLANTED EVERY YEAR AND DON'T NEED  THE USE OF WEEDKILLERS AND POISONOUS PESTICIDES TO GROW

MEDICAL USE

ANCIENT EGYPTIANS, ASSYRIANS AND HERODOTUS (5THC BC)

DESCRIBED USING WILLOWS AS A PAIN KILLER

ASPIRIN WAS FIRST DERIVED FROM SALICIN FROM SALIX

NATIVE AMERICANS CHEWED WILLOW STICKS FOR TOOTHACHE

AND OTHER PAIN

SALICYLIC ACID FROM WILLOWS IS USED TO CONTROL

DANDRUFF AND WARTS

SALICYLIC ACID WAS THE FIRST CHEMICAL ROOTING AGENT

FOR HARD-TO-ROOT PLANTS

OTHER USES

BIODEGRADABLE COFFINS AND URNS FOR ASHES

IN YOM KIPPUR CEREMONIES IN OCTOBER. THE FOUR SPECIES:

On the first day, you will take for yourselves a fruit of a beautiful tree, palm branches, twigs of a braided tree and brook willows, and you will rejoice before the Lord your God for seven days. -Leviticus 23:40

http://www.jewfaq.org/holiday5.htm

IN DYNGUS DAY EASTER CELEBRATIONS, ESPECIALLY IN BUFFALO NY,

  PUSSY WILLOWS ARE USED IN "FROLICKING FUN" https://www.dyngusday.com


Willow in other languages


WILLOW = SAULE = WEIDE = SAUCE = SALICE = ива = Yángliǔ = YANAGI

   English     French     German    Spanish     Italian     Russian   Chinese   Japanese


SEILEACH  =  HELYG  = SELJE  = VIDE  =  PADU = WILG = עֲרָבָה

         Scottish       Welsh     Norwegian   Swedish   Finnish    Dutch   Hebrew



For more photos and information, please click this link below

sleepy cat farm fedge. Michael used Salix miyabeana.

Facts About Vermont Willow Nursery

We offer 150 different willows; this is by far the largest willow offering in the country. Our complete Salix collection is larger than the collections of any nursery, Arboretum or Botanic Garden in North America!

We offer 20 native North American species, 4 cultivars and 2 hybrids. Largest such offering in the country!   See our "BEST WILLOWS FOR".... page!


Business and Farm for Sale

Over the next 12 months we would like to sell Vermont Willow Nursery.

It is located on 50 acres of farmland in Fairfield, Franklin County, Vermont. This is a great opportunity for someone who would like to get away from the rat-race of urban living and have a sustainable life style in a pastoral setting.

This coming 2020 harvest and shipping season – approximately 3 months from April through June - we would welcome any potential buyer to avail themselves of an apprenticeship opportunity to work with us in order to learn and understand all aspects of the business.


Contact Sonia or Michael at willowmanvt@me.com


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The Wonderful World of Willows

Vermont Willow Nursery

Salix candida male selection. One of our new listings in 2019, still in short supply though, but I couldn't resist offering it. I found this while botanizing with my mentor George Argus a few years ago in a swamp near his home. We've been building up stock ever since. Must have moist soil!

Salix babylonica 'Sunny Twist', a new hybrid Curly Willow developed at SUNY Syracuse.

Salix purpurea 'Nancy Saunders' is a great basketry willow as it has very slender rods for fine work.

Salix gracilistyla 'Mt Aso', our best-selling willow. Easy to see why! Sells out every year even though we keep planting more! Cut stems will flower for Valentine's Day!

Cut stems of Giant Pussy Willow and the

Black Pussy Willow  what a treat in February!


Holiday Gifts for the Gardener

Willows for Bees Collection

Willows for Basketry

fine or coarse Collections

Native Willow Collection

Showy Pussy Willows Collection

Willows for the Farm Collection

Willows for Winter Color Collection


All collections sell for $72.50

plus $16.00 shipping and handling


Gift Certificates for $30 and over available

Contact us at willowmanvt@me.com

To arrange for all your Gift Certificates

275ft Fedge built by Michael, April 23rd 2016, Greenwich, CT

NEW WILLOWS FOR 2019

Through the generosity of fellow willow enthusiasts we are delighted to offer two new-to-us willows.

















































UNLISTED SALIX

We are also offering 27 willows that are new to us and in short supply. At this time there are no photos or decriptions! Most have never been offered in North America before.

Click here ORDER FORM to see the list.

NAME CHANGES FOR 2020

We try to stay up-to-date with Salix nomenclature changes by various authorities.

Salix x erythroflexuosa

now Salix xpendulina f. erythroflexuosa

Salix x erythroflexuosa 'Caradoc'       

now Salix xpendulina f. erythroflexuosa 'Caradoc'

Salix matsudana 'Golden Curls'  

now Salix xpendulina f. erythroflexuosa 'Golden Curls'

Salix babylonica 'Sunny Twist'

           now Salix xpendulina f. erythroflexuosa 'Sunny Twist'

Salix matsudana 'Tortuosa'      now Salix babylonica f. tortuosa            

Salix matsudana 'Dart's Snake'

                 now Salix babylonica f. tortuosa 'Darts Snake'


Salix matsudana 'Navajo'

now Salix babylonica f. umbraculifera 'Navajo'


ALSO:

Salix alba 'Vitellina'                       now Salix x fragilis f. Vitellina

Salix alba 'Aurea'                now Salix x fragilis f. Vitellina 'Aurea'

Salix alba 'Basfordiana'       

now Salix x fragilis f. Vitellina 'Basfordiana'  

Salix xfragilis Bouton Aigu'

now Salix x fragilis f. Vitellina 'Bouton Aigu'

Salix alba 'Britzensis'     now Salix x fragilis f. Vitellina 'Britzensis'

Salix alba 'Cardinalis'     now Salix x fragilis f. Vitellina 'Cardinalis'

Salix xfragilis 'Chermesina'

now Salix x fragilis f. Vitellina 'Chermesina'

Salix 'Flame' red          now Salix x fragilis f. Vitellina 'Flame' red  

Salix 'Flame Yellow'   now Salix x fragilis f. Vitellina 'Flame Yellow'

Salix xfragilis 'Fransgeel Rood'

now Salix x fragilis f. Vitellina 'Fransgeel Rood'

Salix xfragilis 'Flanders Red'

now Salix x fragilis f. Vitellina 'Flanders Red'

Salix xfragilis 'Golden Willow'

now Salix x fragilis f. Vitellina 'Golden Willow'

Salix xfragilis 'Hutchinson's Yellow Bark'

now Salix x fragilis f. Vitellina 'Hutchinson's Yellow Bark'

Salix xfragilis 'Jaune de Falaise'

now Salix x fragilis f. Vitellina 'Jaune de Falaise'

Salix xfragilis 'Rouge Ardennais'

now Salix x fragilis f. Vitellina 'Rouge Ardennais'


These changes were Authorized in the following Publication:

The application of scientific names to plants in cultivation: Salix vitellina L. and related taxa (Salicaceae). Skvortzovia: 4(2) 42-70 92018)

Irina V. Belyaeva,  Olga V. Epantchintseva, Rafaël H.A. Govaerts, Kevin McGinn, John Hunnex and Yulia A. Kuzovkina

our e-mail address:

willowmanvt@me.com