Black Pussy Willow

sold out

for Spring 2018

sold out

for Spring 2018

Salix gracilistyla 'Mt Aso', our best-selling willow. Easy to see why! Sells out every year even though we keep planting more! Cut stems will flower for Valentine's Day!

We are sold out of both of these items

NEW WILLOWS FOR 2019

Through the generosity of fellow willow enthusiasts we are delighted to offer two new-to-us willows.

Salix babylonica 'Oberli' a hardy selection from Nepal

Salix babylonica 'Sunny Twist' a new honey coloured Curly Willow

Salix candida male, with pink catkins

Salix purpurea 'Nancy Saunders' slender red stems

Salix udensis a vigorous ornamental species, East Asian.











































UNLISTED SALIX

We are also offering 30 willows that are new to us and in short supply. At this time there are no photos or decriptions! Most have never been offered in North America before.

Click here ORDER FORM to see the list.


NAME CHANGES FOR 2019

We try to stay up-to-date with Salix nomenclature changes by various authorities.

S. x erythroflexuosa 'Caradoc' > S. babylonica 'Caradoc'

S. matsudana 'Dart's Snake' > S. babylonica 'Darts Snake'

S. matsudana 'Golden Curls' > S. babylonica 'Golden Curls'

S. matsudana 'Navajo' > S. babylonica 'Navajo'

S. matsudana 'Tortuosa' > S. babylonica 'Tortuosa'


These changes were Authorized in the following Publication:

The application of scientific names to plants in cultivation: Salix vitellina L. and related taxa (Salicaceae). Skvortzovia: 4(2) 42-70 92018)

Irina V. Belyaeva,  Olga V. Epantchintseva, Rafaël H.A. Govaerts, Kevin McGinn, John Hunnex and Yulia A. Kuzovkina


WILLOWS  ~ SALIX  ~  IN THE FAMILY SALICACEAE


Cut stems of Giant Pussy Willow and the

Black Pussy Willow what a treat in February!

WE OFFER:

DORMANT CUTTINGS

~10in cuttings that vary in diameter

according to variety, in bundles of 5 for $13.50 and $14.50 per bundle

minimum order 2 bundles.


RODS FOR LIVING STRUCTURES

Rods for fedges, domes, teepees, tunnels etc. $5.50/6ft rod, $6.60/8ft rod

Minimum order is 10 rods.

72–92in is the max. length we can ship.

(longer rods are sometimes available for pick-up only)

NB: rods can only be ordered from the

ORDER FORM

BEST WILLOWS FOR...        WILLOW VARIETIES          ORDER FORM           COLLECTIONS          STRUCTURE KITS          MAKING A FEDGE  


COPPICING & POLLARDING           ABOUT US          EROSION  CONTROL          RESOURCES          WILLOWS FOR BEES

All the material in this website is Copyright 2019 Vermont Willow Nursery. All rights reserved.

Nothing may be used without written permission from

Vermont Willow Nursery.

Layout, text and photographs by Michael Dodge unless otherwise noted.

WHY WILLOWS ARE SO SPECIAL!

70-135 MILLION YEARS AGO, DWARF WILLOWS DOMINATED THE WOODY FLORA.

WILLOWS CAN BE ALPINES, ORNAMENTAL SHRUBS OR HUGE TREES

350+/- DIFFERENT SPECIES ON FOUR CONTINENTS;

MOSTLY IN ASIA, EUROPE, NORTH AMERICA AND CIMCUMPOLAR IN THE ARCTIC

NATIVE WILLOWS ARE FOUND IN EVERY STATE EXCEPT HAWAII

OVER 1500 HYBRIDS AND CULTIVARS WORLDWIDE

WILLOWS ARE NATIVE TO MOST TEMPERATE REGIONS,

ALPINE, ARCTIC AND EVEN SOME TROPICAL REGIONS

THE TERM 'PUSSY WILLOW' COMES FROM THE APPEARANCE OF MALE CATKINS

BEING SIMILAR TO THOSE OF CATS' PAWS!

SOME WILLOWS GROW OVER 100FT TALL, SOME GROW ONLY ONE INCH TALL

WILLOWS ARE EASY TO PROPAGATE, EASY TO GROW AND EASY TO PRUNE

CUTTINGS 1FT TO 20 FT LONG WILL ROOT IF GIVEN WATER


WILLOWS SELF-PROPAGATE BY SEED,  STEM FRAGMENTATION AND ROOT SUCKERS

WILLOW CATKINS OR AMENTS HAVE SLIM, CYLINDRICAL FLOWER CLUSTERS (SPIKES), WITH NO PETALS AND ARE INSECT POLLINATED. THEY CONTAIN MANY USUALLY UNISEXUAL FLOWERS, ARRANGED CLOSELY ALONG A CENTRAL STEM.

WILLOWS HAVE MALE AND FEMALE CATKINS ON SEPARATE PLANTS (DIOCIOUS)

RARELY  MALE AND FEMALE ORGANS ARE FOUND

IN THE SAME CATKIN (ANDROGYNOUS); USUALLY IN HYBRID WILLOWS

CATKINS OR AMENTS) MAY BE WHITE, BLACK, GRAY, SILVER, PINK OR RED

AND OFTEN CHANGE COLOR FROM WHEN THEY FIRST APPEAR TO MATURITY

SOME WILLOWS FLOWER BEFORE THE LEAVES APPEAR (PUSSY WILLOWS);

THE TERM USED TO DESCRIBE THIS IS PRECOCIOUS

PUSSY WILLOWS CAN BE COPPICED EVERY YEAR AND WILL BLOOM NEXT SPRING

SOME WILLOWS PRODUCE CATKINS ON SHORT LEAFY GROWTHS;

THE TERM TO DESCRIBE THIS IS COETANEOUS

THESE WILLOWS TAKE SEVERAL YEARS TO FLOWER AFTER COPPICING

SOME TAKE SEVERAL YEARS BEFORE THEY PRODUCE ANY CATKINS

MALE  CATKINS HAVE BOTH NECTAR AND POLLEN

BEES  HARVESTED BOTH NECTAR AND POLLEN SINCE THE CRETACEOUS PERIOD.

BOTH MAKE GREAT TASTING HONEY. ONE OF THE BEST FOOD SOURCES  FOR EAGER BEES

WILLOWS ARE NOTORIOUS PHILANDERERS;  POLLENATING INSECTS TRAVEL

BETWEEN CATKINS OF ANY SPECIES IN BLOOM. THIS CAN CREATE PROGENY WITH

MIXED PARENTAGE AND A NIGHTMARE FOR TAXONOMISTS

GROW ALMOST ANYWHERE,  EVEN POOR AND POLLUTED SOILS

ALL THE WILLOWS WE OFFER ARE HARDY TO USDA ZONE 4, SOME HARDIER!

MOST WILLOWS ARE NOT EATEN BY DEER  

DEER WILL NOT EAT SALIX PURPUREA AND SALIX TRIANDRA

A DENSE WILLOW FENCE/FEDGE WILL KEEP DEER OUT

VARIEGATED WILLOWS TURN GREEN WHEN GROWN IN SHADE!

GREAT LONG-LASTING CUT FLOWERS AND BRIGHT COLORED STEMS

FOR WINTER DISPLAYS; INSIDE OR OUT

FIRST WOODY PLANT TO FLOWER IN SPRING

LAST TREE TO LOSE ITS LEAVES IN AUTUMN

ONE BLOOMS OCTOBER THROUGH APRIL!

WILLOWS HAVE YEAR-ROUND INTEREST

ALMOST ALL WEEPING WILLOW TREES CONTAIN GENES FROM THE CHINESE SALIX BABYLONICA AS IT IS THE ONLY TREE WILLOW WITH THAT GENE!

SALIX BABYLONICA WAS GIVEN THAT NAME BY CAROLUS LINNAEUS, THE FATHER OF MODERN TAXONOMY, PROBABLY BECAUSE OF A PASSAGE IN THE BIBLE:

By the waters of Babylon, there we sat down and wept, when we remembered Zion.

On the willows there we hung up our lyres.  Psalms 137: 1-2

WHEN THE BIBLE WAS WRITTEN THERE WERE NO WEEPING WILLOWS IN BABYLON!

WHAT WAS REFERRED TO WERE POSSIBLY POPLARS    

A WILLOW GARDEN IS CALLED A SALLEY GARDEN IN BRITAIN AND IRELAND

"Salley" or "sally" is a form of the Standard English word "sallow", i.e., a tree of the genus Salix

It is close in sound to the Irish word saileach, meaning Willow.

Below is a link to a sung version to a beautiful Irish song "Down by the Salley Garden"

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=027ZJX5XVjs

WILLOW USES

BASKETRY

GARDEN ART AND STRUCTURES

PLANT SUPPORTS

BIODEGRADABLE COMPOST BINS

BIRD FEEDERS

CUT STEMS FOR FORCING

FENCES, FEDGES AND WATTLES – LIVE AND DRIED WILLOWS

SCREENS AND WINDBREAKS

HERODOTUS DESCRIBED CORACLES BUILT WITH WILLOWS

IN THE 5TH CENTURY BC

ARTIST’S FINE CHARCOAL

FOOD FOR BOVINES, RABBITS AND GOATS

SPEARS FOR ATLATL THROWERS

EVEN CRICKET BATS

LIVING STRUCTURES

DOMES, TUNNELS, CHAIRS, ARCHES, TEMPLES, TEE-PEES

WOVEN TREES IN CONTAINERS = "HARLEQUIN TREES"

CHILDREN’S PLAYHOUSES

CHICKEN AND RABBIT TUNNELS TO HIDE FROM HAWKS

'LIVING CATHEDRALS'

RIVER AND STREAM BANK RESTORATION

WILLOWS ARE USED EXTENSIVELY FOR RESTORING ERODED OR DISTURBED BANKS.  THEY ARE ONE OF THE FEW WOODY PLANTS THAT  ROOT QUICKLY AND EASILY FROM CUTTINGS; THUS MAKING SUCH PROJECTS MUCH CHEAPER THAN USING ESTABLISHED PLANTS.

http://www.habitat.noaa.gov/restoration/techniques/srrestoration.html

PHYTOREMEDIATION

WILLOWS CLEAN UP TOXIC WASTE SITES BY

ABSORBING CHEMICALS AND HEAVY METALS

WILLOWS CAN BE GROWN UNDER WALNUT TREES AS THEY ARE NOT AFFECTED BY THE CHEMICAL JUGLONE THAT WALNUTS PRODUCE

BIOFUELS

FOR BURNING DIRECTLY AND TO MAKE ETHANOL

WILLOWS ARE ENVIRONMENTLY SUPERIOR TO CORN FOR ETHANOL. THEY DO NOT HAVE TO BE PLANTED EVERY YEAR AND DON'T NEED  THE USE OF WEEDKILLERS AND POISONOUS PESTICIDES TO GROW

MEDICAL USE

ANCIENT EGYPTIANS, ASSYRIANS AND HERODOTUS (5THC BC)

DESCRIBED USING WILLOWS AS A PAIN KILLER

ASPIRIN WAS FIRST DERIVED FROM SALICIN FROM SALIX

NATIVE AMERICANS CHEWED WILLOW STICKS FOR TOOTHACHE

AND OTHER PAIN

SALICYLIC ACID FROM WILLOWS IS USED TO CONTROL

DANDRUFF AND WARTS

SALICYLIC ACID WAS THE FIRST CHEMICAL ROOTING AGENT

FOR HARD-TO-ROOT PLANTS

OTHER USES

BIODEGRADABLE COFFINS AND URNS FOR ASHES

IN YOM KIPPUR CEREMONIES IN OCTOBER. THE FOUR SPECIES:

On the first day, you will take for yourselves a fruit of a beautiful tree, palm branches, twigs of a braided tree and brook willows, and you will rejoice before the Lord your God for seven days. -Leviticus 23:40

http://www.jewfaq.org/holiday5.htm

IN DYNGUS DAY EASTER CELEBRATIONS, ESPECIALLY IN BUFFALO NY,

  PUSSY WILLOWS ARE USED IN "FROLICKING FUN" https://www.dyngusday.com


Willow in other languages


WILLOW = SAULE = WEIDE = SAUCE = SALICE = ива = Yángliǔ = YANAGI

  English     French     German    Spanish     Italian     Russian    Chinese    Japanese


SEILEACH  =  HELYG  = SELJE  = VIDE  =  PADU = WILG = עֲרָבָה

         Scottish       Welsh     Norwegian    Swedish    Finnish    Dutch   Hebrew



275ft Fedge built by Michael, April 23rd 2016, Greenwich, CT

For more photos and information, please click this link below

sleepy cat farm fedge. Michael used Salix miyabeana.

Bulletin March 16 2019

A customer  pointed out that some of our ADD TO CART buttons on the description pages, kits and collections were not working. We have fixed this and we apologize for any inconvenience this may have caused.

We are accepting orders now for Spring 2019. We will ship starting in mid-April, depending on snow in the nursery! Southern and West coast orders first, followed by the middle of the country and finally Northern States. We are selling out of our popular varieties, so order soon for this Spring.

Sorry, we can't ship to Europe

The EU has a ban on all willows from the US. This is due to a pest called Xylella that infects grapes and olives; willow is an alternate host.


We do no business over the telephone,

please respect our privacy!

Facts About Vermont Willow Nursery

We offer 150 different willows; this is by far the largest willow offering in the country. Our complete Salix collection is larger than the collections of any nursery, Arboretum or Botanic Garden in North America!

We offer 20 native North American species, 4 cultivars and 2 hybrids. Largest such offering in the country!   See our "BEST WILLOWS FOR".... page!


Within the next 2 years we would like to sell this extremely successful business (sales increase of 40% last year); together with our extensive willow collection and our 1850's Farmhouse with 49 acres of land.

This is a great opportunity for someone who would like to live a new life style; get away from the rat-race of a city and live in a traffic free place (last house on a two-mile dead-end road).

We are prepared to help a new owner get established in the business.

If anyone is interested in grabbing this great opportunity, please contact us.


Willows listed by Common Names

Click here for cross references

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Michelle Smith

The Wonderful World of Willows

Vermont Willow Nursery

Salix babylonica 'Oberli' in the nursery after 18 months! Vigorous?

The other willows beside it were planted at the same time.

This plant tolerated -30°F with no damage whatsoever.

Salix babylonica is usually not hardy below Zero? So why did this one survive?

It was discovered in Nepal at 11,320ft by a Swiss Salicologist named Heinz Oberli early in the 20th Century. Another Swiss Salicologist, Walter Buechler, shared cuttings with me.

Salix candida male selection. One of our new listings this year, still in short supply though, but I couldn't resist offering it. I found this while out botanizing with George Argus, my mentor, a few years ago in a swamp near his home. We've been building up stock ever since. Must have moist soil!

Salix babylonica 'Sunny Twist' a new hybrid Curly Willow developed at SUNY Syracuse.

Salix purpurea 'Nancy Saunders' a great basketry willow as it has very slender rods for fine work.

our e-mail address:

willowmanvt@me.com