Living Structures

& furniture (dried)

'Aquatica Gigantea Germany'

'Aquatica Gigantea Korso’

daphnoides varieties

x fragilis all varieties

gmelinii (xdasyclados)

'The Hague'

irrorata

koriyanagi

miyabeana

nigra

purpurea (not ‘Gracilis’  'Leicestershire Dicks', sericea, 'Vermont Red')

schwerinii

viminalis 'Bowhayes Strain A'

viminalis 'Bowhayes Strain male'

viminalis 'Bowles Hybrid'

'Winter Glory'

‘Winter Green’



Fedges (live) &

Woven Fences (dried)

all the above varieties plus:

alba varieties (all)

x ehrhartiana

eriocephala ‘American Mackay’

eriocephala ‘Russeliana’

x fragilis varieties (all)

x holosericea

koriyanagi

koriyanagi ‘Rubykins’

meyeriana (all)

miyabeana (all)

purpurea (not ‘Gracilis’, 'Leicestershire Dicks', 'Nancy Saunders' sericea, 'Vermont Red')

x rubra varieties (all)

x smithiana


Deerproof

purpurea varieties (all)  

triandra varieties (all)


Most willows are deer resistant.

They may nibble a little, but rarely do serious damage.


Erosion Control

eriocephala S25

exigua

humilis

interior  

nigra  

petiolaris  

purpurea varieties (all)


North American Natives

'Americana' (eriocephala x petiolaris)

amygdaloides

'Bankers'

bebbiana

candida

caroliniana

discolor

discolor USDA Select

cordata

eriocephala

exigua

humilis

interior

interior 'Filigree'

interior x eriocephala

irrorata

irrorata 'Violet Beauty'

lucida

myricoides

myricoides 'Bronze Beauty'

nigra

pellita

petiolaris

pyrifolia

sericea

serissima


Best Willows For....

Hedges, Screens & Windbreaks H/S/W

alba varieties (all) S/W

xerythroflexuosa  S/W

xfragilis varieties (all S/W)

integra ‘Flamingo’ H N/A

integra ‘Hakuro Nishiki’ H

koriyanagi   H/S

koriyanagi ‘Rubykins’ H/S

miyabeana S/W

pierotii H/W/S

purpurea ‘Gracilis’ (Nana) H

(so dense deer can’t go through)

purpurea v. sericea  H

(so dense deer can’t go through)

purpurea vars. (all others) H/S

x rubra varieties (all) S/W

x smithiana S/W

triandra varieties (all) H

viminalis 'Bowhayes Strain A' S/W

viminalis 'Bowhayes Strain male'

viminalis 'Bowles Hybrid'

'Winter Glory'  S/W

‘Winter Green’


Pussy Willows with

the showiest Catkins

B=black BR = Brown G=gold P=pink R = red  S=silver Y=yellow

acutifolia ‘Blue Streak’  S->G

'Aquatica Gigantea Korso’ P

x balfourii S

caprea  S

caprea 'Lemoine's Improved'  S

caprea 'Rosea'  P

caprea Smart Select S

caprea x cinerea S365 'Showtime' S

caroliniana Y

cinerea S

daphnoides ‘Continental Purple’  S

discolor  S

discolor USDA Select  S

eriocephala ‘Russelliana’ R

glabra p/y

gracilistyla   P/Y

gracilistyla ‘Melanostachys’  B

gracilistyla 'Mt  Aso’ P

humilis p/y

koriyanagi ‘Rubykins’  P

‘Licorice Whip’  BR   N/A

miyabeana Select S

'Pink Delight' p/y

pyrifolia p/y

'Rabbit's Foot' S>Y

reinii p/y

rorida S>Y

xsmithiana  S>Y

'The Hague'  S

triandra 'Whissender' S>Y

udensis ‘Sekka’ S

'Winter Glory'  S


TIP: Cut stems, bring in to room temperature and place in water. As soon as catkins have fully expanded take out of water and they’ll keep for months!

Showiest Colored Stems

for Cutting & Winter Gardens

B=black, GN=green  GY = gray O=orange R=red

W=white Y=yellow

acutifolia W

acutifolia ‘Blue Streak’  W N/A

alba ‘Britzensis’  R

alba ‘Chermesina’ Y>R     

alba v. vitellina  Y     

babylonica 'Caradoc'  Y/GN

babylonica ‘Golden Curls' R>Y

babylonica 'Dart's Snake' GN

babylonica ‘Swizzle Stick’ GN  N/A

daphnoides ‘Continental Purple’  B

daphnoides ‘Ovaro Udine’ W/B

daphnoides ‘Oxford Violet’  W

xerythroflexuosa  R

‘Flame' red O/R     

'Flame Yellow' Y     

x fragilis ‘Basfordiana’  R

x fragilis ‘Farndon Red’  R N/A

x fragilis ‘Fransgeel Rood’  R/Y N/A

x fragilis ‘Golden Willow’  Y N/A

x fragilis ‘Hutchinsons Yellow’  Y

x fragilis ‘Jaune de Falaise’  Y N/A

x fragilis ‘Rouge Ardennais’  R

‘Licorice Whip’  B  N/A

miyabeana select Y/GN

myrsinifolia ‘Blackskin’ B

x meyeriana (all) GN

rorida W/GN

x salamonii ‘Chrysocoma’  Y

schwerinii B

‘Winter Green’  GN


Curly Stems for Cutting

babylonica 'Caradoc’

babylonica ‘Golden Curls'

babylonica ‘Dart's Snake’  

babylonica ‘Swizzle Stick’  N/A

babylonica 'Tortuosa'

x erythroflexuosa  

udensis ‘Sekka’


Biofuel Willows

'Aquatica Gigantea Germany'

'Aquatica Gigantea Korso’

x calodendron

eriocephala S25

gmelinii (xdasyclados)

x holosericea

miyabeana all

purpurea 'Fish Creek'

purpurea x koriyanagi

x smithiana

viminalis 'Bowhayes Strain A'


Weeping Willows

T = trees S= shrubs

integra 'Pendula'  S

x pendulina 'Blanda' T

purpurea 'Pendula' S

x salamonii ‘Chrysocoma’  T

Basketry

F = fine C = coarse  

alba varieties (all) C

'Americana' F

eriocephala 'American Mackay' F

xfragilis varieties (all) C

gmelinii C

'The Hague'  C

'Harrison's Brown'

x holosericea

integra F

integra ‘Flamingo’ F  N/A

integra ‘Hakuro Nishiki’ F

koriyanagi  F

koriyanagi ‘Rubykins’ F

‘Licorice Whip’ F  N/A

miyabeana  (all) C

myrsinifolia ‘Blackskin’ F

purpurea varieties (all) F

x rubra varieties (all) C

x smithiana C

triandra varieties (all) F

viminalis 'Bowhayes Strain A'   C

viminalis 'Bowhayes Strain male'    C

‘Winter Green’  C


Small Gardens

The smaller the garden, the more and harder you prune; P = prune immediately after flowering.

acutifolia ‘Blue Streak’  P

balfourii  P

caprea ‘Ogon’   P  N/A

eleagnos ‘Angustifolia’  P

glabra P

gracilistyla ‘Melanostachys’  P

gracilistyla 'Mt  Aso’  P

integra ‘Flamingo’  P N/A

integra ‘Hakuro Nishiki’  P

integra 'Pendula' P

myricoides P

myrsinifolia 'Blackskin’   P

purpurea ‘Gracilis’ (Nana)

purpurea 'Leicestershire Dicks'

purpurea 'Pendula'

purpurea v. sericea

reinii P

repens subsp. arenaria  P


Showiest Foliage

GY=gray GN = Green P=pink S=silver V=variegated Y=yellow W=white

alba ‘Sericea’  S     

alba 'Silver Column'  S


x balfourii    G

candida  S

caprea ‘Ogon’  Y N/A

cordata G

eleagnos ‘Angustifolia’  GY

myrsinifolia 'Blackskin’ shiny darkest green

integra ‘Hakuro Nishiki’  P&W

lucida glossy GN

koreensis ‘Hakuro’  Y

koriyanagi G

x meyeriana all glossy GN

pellita  white undersides and stems

'Pink Delight' GY

pyrifolia shiny dark green

reinii glossy GN

repens subsp. arenaria GY  


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COPPICING & POLLARDING          MAKING A FEDGE          EROSION  CONTROL          RESOURCES          WILLOWS FOR BEES

The Wonderful World of Willows

Vermont Willow Nursery

Tree Willows for Fodder

babylonica 'Oberli'

babylonica 'Navajo'

gmelinii (x dasclados)

miyabeana

nigra

viminalis 'Bowhayes Strain'

schwerinii


please note: we are just learning about this use of Willows and would appreciate it if you can let us know of other willows used for fodder or just eaten by farm animals.

For more information read:

Willow silage - an alternative to winter fodder (6p).pdf

[If this link doesn't work do a search using this title.]

This work was done in Bhutan; and there has been some excellent research done in New Zealand also.